A common endocrine disease that affects 10% of women of childbearing age. Polycystic ovary syndrome often causes ovulation disorders and, as a result, female infertility. With the disease, the ovaries change in a certain way, so the primary method for diagnosing PCOS is ultrasound diagnostics. Thanks to modern equipment, the doctors of PCOS Treatment Pakistan can see the picture in detail and make the correct diagnosis for you.
What is polycystic ovary syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common endocrine disease fraught with cosmetic, reproductive, and hormonal problems.
According to statistics, 6-10% of women of childbearing age suffer from it. It is the most common cause of female infertility and ovulation disorders. The disease is accompanied by characteristic changes in the ovaries, with help of ultrasound detects.
Most women with PCOS are insulin resistant – i.e., a condition in which the body does not respond to the action of the hormone insulin – and hyperinsulinemia.
Symptoms of PCOS
- Excessive hair growth on the face, abdomen, thighs, chest, lower back, acne, oily skin, hair loss problem.
- Irregular menstrual cycle, amenorrhea, uterine bleeding.PCOS is usually accompanied by weight gain, accumulation of subcutaneous fat, most often in the abdomen, increased anxiety, depression, snoring, sleep apnea, other sleep disorders, fatty liver disease, type diabetes, and various metabolic disorders.
The disease can have different manifestations depending on the patient’s age and other factors which complicate the diagnosis. If you noticed symptoms, do not delay visiting an endocrinologist or gynecologist. You will be prescribed examinations, and hormonal tests, which will make it possible to examine the state of the endocrine system and make a correct diagnosis regarding the presence of Polycystic ovary or other diseases of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and pituitary gland.
PCOS always causes complications, different for every age. In the category of patients, the diseases of the type diabetes, cardiovascular system, diseases of various organs, atherosclerosis, and an increased risk of endometrial cancer. To make a correct diagnosis, you need a comprehensive analysis of the patient’s general condition and consultations with a dermatologist, cardiologist, gynecologist, endocrinologist, and other specialists.
Diagnosis of PCOS
The diagnosis of “polycystic ovary syndrome” is made by a doctor based on a study of the patient’s history, which, as a rule, includes menstrual irregularities and abnormal bleeding during menstruation, as well as the results of a hormonal examination and ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
A hormonal examination – a blood test for hormones – should confirm or refute the presence of hyperandrogenism (i.e., an excess of male hormones in a woman’s body) and, in addition – identify the level of insulin in her blood.
Ultrasound, in this case, helps to identify persistent anovulation and other signs of polycystic ovaries and assess the endometrium’s condition.
Infertility and PCOS
The main problem in infertility treatment in patients with PCOS is anovulation (lack of ovulation), which accompanies this disease and makes pregnancy impossible. Lower the insulin level in the patient’s blood – for example, with the help of physiotherapy exercises and diet.
Pregnancy and PCOS
Pregnancy with polycystic ovary syndrome is fraught with serious complications, diabetes can develop, and high blood pressure preeclampsia can be observed—with an increased risk of premature birth and complications in the child. The risks increase if the woman is obese.
Treatment of PCOS
This pathology is treated in the Best IVF Center in Pakistan using an integrated approach. The patient is “led” by several specialists: an endocrinologist, an obstetrician, a gynecologist, and others. What studies need to be carried out is decided in each case individually, as well as the course of treatment prescribed based on the examination results.
If PCOS is accompanied by obesity, which happens quite often – after all, this disease develops against the background of endocrine disorders – increased physical activity and the transition to a healthy diet help to cope with it.
No single drug is ideal for treating all women with PCOS. As a rule, the drug of choice, in this case, is a contraceptive with an antiandrogenic effect, i.e., lowering the level of the so-called. Male hormones in the patient’s body. Which one – depends on the characteristics of the woman’s state of health and her tolerance of one or another substance.
This pathology should be treated using an integrated approach and requires the efforts of several specialists at once, especially when it comes to a patient planning a pregnancy. This is a gynecologist, an obstetrician, an endocrinologist, a reproductive specialist, and sometimes a cosmetologist since severe cosmetic problems often accompany PCOS.
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